What is outpatient therapy?
For patients who don’t need to be hospitalized, their doctors may recommend outpatient therapy. Patients can receive the care they need without staying at the hospital and incurring those costs. Patients can maintain a relatively normal life throughout treatment.
What is home health therapy?
Some patients don’t need to be hospitalized, but are unable to leave their home. Many therapies can be provided at home with a therapist to assist recovery from illness, injury or surgery, including physical, occupational, and speech therapies. Home health therapy allows patients to develop independence while performing daily activities in a comfortable, familiar setting amongst family.
What is physical therapy?
The goal of physical therapy is to help a patient regain optimum strength and control over their motor functions through therapy and exercise. Physical therapy can also be a part of an effective prevention program, with therapists helping patients to maintain mobility through a fitness and wellness program that encourages a more active lifestyle.
Physical therapy can help patients with:
- Decreased mobility
- History of falls
- Unsteady gait
- Difficulty transferring
- Decreased balance
- Decreased endurance
- Pain/swelling/tissue restriction
- Lower extremity weakness
- Knowledge deficit
- Range of motion issues
- Functional decline
- Non-compliance with medically restricted activities
- Environmental barriers
- DME (durable medical equipment) needs
- Athletic injury
- Joint pain
- Chronic headaches
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
What is occupational therapy?
Occupational therapy helps patients perform tasks that are necessary for daily life. Such tasks may include dressing, feeding, grooming, laundry, housekeeping, bathing, and meal preparation, as well as multi-step tasks that require planning, prioritizing, and energy conservation (e.g., banking, paying bills, shopping). It differs from physical therapy, in that it assists patients who may have a pre-existing illness or disability that prevents them from being able to perform certain tasks. Therapists work with patients to learn self-care, work, and play/leisure activities to help increase their independence, enhance development, and/or enhance development and quality of life to reduce dependence on caregivers.
Occupational therapy can help patients with:
- Decline in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL)
- Decline in cognitive function
- Safety issues
- Decline in physical function
- Decreased leisure/outlets
- Reducing depression/anxiety
- Decline in perceptual function
- Decrease in upper extremity function, strength, coordination
- Recovery from recent hospitalization, facility discharge, or ER visit
- Caregiver issues
- Environmental issues
- Improving coping skills
- Training on adaptive equipment/DME needs
What is speech therapy?
Patients who have difficulty with communication, or with eating, drinking, and/or swallowing, can benefit from speech therapy/speech pathology. Therapists help patients regain or strengthen their ability to speak with ease and clarity.
Speech therapy can help patients with:
- Identifying barriers to learning
- Improving hearing impairments
- Trach care and caregiver training
- Swallowing issues
- Central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction
- Improving voice quality
- Improving quality of communication
- Assist in recovery from cancer treatment
- Energy conservation training for chronic shortness of breath
- Assist in training in proper diet textures to prevent aspiration pneumonia
- Improving oral intake to reduce risks caused by significant weight loss
- Improving facial symmetry